This is a guide for understanding the basic terminology used in describing skating skills, and to assist you in identifying jumps, spins, and footwork elements.
Skate blades are not single edged like a knife, they're double edged (imagine a potato peeler). A blade is ground out down the center length of the blade, creating a shallow concave with two edges on either side of the hollow.
Two blades times two edges for each blade equals four different edges. Multiply that by the direction of the blade's movement, forward or backward, and you get a total of eight different edge combinations. Ideally, a skater should always be skating on just *one* of these eight edges. When you hear the comment "skating on the flat", they are referring to both edges of a single blade being in contact with the ice, ie., flat-footed.
You will see the following abbreviations used frequently. Jumps, spins, and footwork are identified by which edge is utilized and the directional rotation of the movement. Also note for future reference that CW stands for clockwise rotation, and CCW is counter clockwise.
|RFI||Right Forward Inside edge|
|LFI||Left Forward Inside edge|
|RBI||Right Back Inside edge|
|LBI||Left Back Inside edge|
|RFO||Right Forward Outside edge|
|LFO||Left Forward Outside edge|
|RBO||Right Back Outside edge|
|LBO||Left Back Outside edge|
Video clips can be found in the "Spin" and "Jump" pages, as well as the video clips section of this site.
|Who Jumped What First?|
|Triple Salchow||Ronnie Robertson
|Triple Salchow (Women)||Petra Burke
(1962 Canadian Nationals)
|Triple Loop||Dick Button
|Triple Toe Loop||Thomas Litz
|Triple Lutz||Donald Jackson
|Triple Lutz (Women)||Denise Biellmann
|Triple Axel||Vern Taylor
|Triple Axel (Women)||Midori Ito
(1988 NHK Trophy)
|Quad Toe Loop||Kurt Browning
|Quad Toe Loop/Toe Loop Combination||Elvis Stojko
|Quad Salchow||Timothy Goebel
(1998 Jr. Championship Series)
|Quad Salchow (Women)||Miki Ando
(2002 Jr. Grand Prix final)
|Quad Salchow/Toe Loop Combination||Timothy Goebel
|Quad Toe Loop in Olympics||Petr Barna
|Quad Toe Loop/Toe Loop Combo in Olympics||Zhengxin Guo
For a complete list of "first time" jumps go to Jackson Skates Jump History page.